What is Physical Access Control All about?

What is Physical Access Control All about

In a digital world, we’ve added new layers of security and protection from potential threats. It has also been integrated into how physical access controls work and has been enhanced to deal with modern security threats. Knowing the best setup for access control and physical security control will ensure a secure and safe environment.

What is Physical Access Control Exactly?

These are primarily physical barriers to entry, from turnstiles to security fences to door access control systems. They require specialised types of credentials to be able to enter these locations and are a much more secure option when it comes to protecting physical locations.

A completely integrated security system with the right mix of physical credentials and digital identification makes it difficult to procure illegally. No more locks for keys, but designated readers that can only read specific credentials such as key cards or key fobs. They’re also an easily scalable solution that can be expanded as needed, both with new physical access points and also with the inflows and egress of employees.

By default, having these physical security controls, it acts as a natural deterrent from criminal activity as there’s already a secure barrier to get through.

What makes them so good?

It helps to define each individual access level. That means those key cards or other types of credentials are assigned to a specific person with specific privileges. Then, through a physical access control panel, the physical security system is able to build a fully customisable solution down to each individual.

This also helps with updates in the future if a person needs their credentials increased or changed due to working on a different floor or gaining a promotion requiring additional access points.

This means only authorised people have access to specified locations.

Flexible access

When visitors come to the site, there’s a possibility to give temporary access that can be predefined beforehand. Whether its specific access through a certain physical access control point or only for a few hours, all of this is customisable through the access control point and ensures short-term occupants aren’t compromising the security system in place.

Since the system itself is versatile, it can also allow users to exit during an emergency. However, this doesn’t mean that access is given to the specific credentials by the physical access control panel and is able to unlock all doors, turnstiles, gates and other physical barrier points easily for an expedient route to be opened for tenants and their guests.

Easy to limit data breaches

Because physical access controls are also easily trackable and manageable, it’s easy to detect suspicious activity or access where it shouldn’t be. Most systems also come with enhanced real-time data instead of timestamps, so you can easily notify your security team of any unauthorised access.

Due to the specific physical credential, it also makes it hard to duplicate the credentials as they are tied to an individual and their particular access. For example, unlock keys that can be replicated by locksmithing machinery; the data is digitally encoded to the credential or is integrated with biometrics.

Advanced methods of credentials

Even with physical key cards and fobs, there have been instances where those types of items can either be stolen or effectively copied with specific machinery. Due to that, there are ways to upgrade existing systems or implement a fresh physical access control system to include biometrics.

Biometrics is an even harder component to duplicate or hack as it’s unique to each individual. Biometrics will work with all door access control systems and seamlessly integrate into modern physical security controls.

They can be used in combination with a physical credential as needed. Common biometrics include fingerprints, facial recognition and retinal scans. This also became more popular during recent years as both facial and retinal scans are actually completely contactless and help to prevent the spread of any diseases.

On top of all these biometrics, there’s a hybrid digital option that can be used with smartphones that help reduce the number of physical key cards and passes that are needed and add a bonus layer of security through the smartphone as well.

Is it hard to install?

Not at all. Physical access control systems are some of the most user-friendly systems to work with as well as integrate with other systems. They’re meant to be easily and quickly installed without any issues and with maximum security benefits.

They’re also highly efficient because there’s no need to worry about security breaches that are common with lost keys. Suppose a physical credential is lost or assumed lost. In that case, they’re directly registered with the user, and as long as it’s reported, can be deactivated remotely and a new one issued within minutes.

This also helps those with access to feel more secure and simply go about focusing on their day-to-day work instead of worrying about things such as user access controls. If you don’t already, getting a physical access control system set up as a final piece of your overall security system will be the best security decision made.

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